Signs and symptoms

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) isn't a painful condition. Some people don't realise they have it until they notice a loss of vision.

The main symptom of macular degeneration is blurring of your central vision (what you see when you focus straight ahead). This means:

  • you lose visual acuity– the ability to see fine detail, so reading and driving become difficult
  • you lose contrast sensitivity– the ability to distinguish between objects such as faces against a background
  • images, writing or faces can become distorted in the centre– most commonly associated with wet AMD

Your peripheral vision (side vision) isn't affected. Glasses won't be able to correct your blurred central vision.

Both eyes tend to eventually be affected by AMD, although you may only notice problems in one eye to begin with

Humid AMD simulation example:


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